What does the Physiotherapist do?

A physiotherapist is the profession in which therapy is done to help the patients having physical difficulties such as illness, injury, disability or aging to improve their movement.  A physical therapist or the physiotherapist must be aware of both the physical and emotional condition of the patient. It is important for physiotherapists to connect with patients so that it can handle the anger and frustration and recommend them motivation and self-determination.

The treatment program is done by manual therapy, which can further explain as simple massage it also involves the therapeutic exercise and Electrotherapy. The role of a physiotherapist is to examine & evaluate the appropriate treatment. The various techniques are used for this purpose, such as manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, hot & cold compresses, ultrasound and electrical stimulation. Techniques that need to be learned include massage, stretching, traction, soft tissue manipulation, acupuncture and joint release. Therapy may also require the usage of equipment like T.E.N.S. Machines and ultrasound devices.

Physiotherapists improve the condition of a patient by using the various technologies such as therapeutic exercise, heat therapy, joint manipulation, Electrotherapy, and hydrotherapy.

Responsibilities/duties of Physiotherapists:

  • Providing knowledge or educating the clients and their families or the general community about the healthy lifestyle. They refer the patients to the other medical community, such as doctors, surgeons if necessary.
  • Organizing physical exercise sessions which involve like massage and other techniques of physiotherapy by supervising such as hydrotherapy, Electrotherapy, and aromatherapy.
  • Proper types of equipment are applied to conduct the above techniques which further include heat packs, ice packs, exercise equipment and the further technologies like ultrasound and Electrotherapy technologies. Proper information should be provided to trauma patient for how to use the related equipment such as walking frames, splints, crutches, and wheelchairs.
  • Physiotherapists need to be sensitive in front of their patient and one must have the excellent communication and motivational skills. They should also have the proper information about the physical fitness and have enough equipment to demonstrate the activities which are used for treatment plans and must have strong organizational skills.
  • Identify the political and social factors which influence the development of physiotherapy.

Work environment: the physiotherapist also provides the services of the door to door service this involves the massage treatment and for other diagnoses, the patient can visit different clinics or hospitals. A physiotherapist should have the good organizational and administration skills as the maximum time of your day will require a proper description by writing up patients notes and must have to ensure paperwork. The weekly task can be 5 or 6 days working.

How to become Physiotherapist?

Education eligibility: The minimum education required is 10+2 passed in the subjects such as physics, chemistry, biology and English in the first division.

Age: 17 years

And then the person has to undergo certain courses which can be further described by various steps:

Step 1:

The candidate should be 10+2 pass in the above subjects and after that can move for a Bachelors degree.

The course required for a bachelor degree is BPT which is Bachelor in Physiotherapy.

Step 2:

The bachelor degree is 3 to 4 years and the admission is on the basis of CET (Common Entrance Test). As every year the CET exams are conducted by state level. The admission is on the basis of CET scores and if the candidate is qualified in the entrance exam then can move for various medical colleges.

These exams are held in May-June and the test involves the subjective information which involves English, physics, chemistry, biology.

The result is declared in June/July.

Step 3:

After the completion of bachelor’s degree, the candidate can move for 6 months training in any hospital under the proper guidance of professional.


The starting salary of the physiotherapist is 15,000 to 20,000 and after that according to experience or if the candidate wants to work like freelance the salary can vary. And after some time if the person is working in a private or the government sector then the candidate can earn 25,000 to 30,000 per month.


  • Communicating is one of the most important qualities as it describes the behavior of the person and knowledge and skills are required to do the work there is proper sharing of information between the patient and the physiotherapist. Communication is preferred so that the patient can make itself comfortable in front of physiotherapist there should be a proper use of Information and Communication Technology.
  • The theoretical knowledge and understanding are required for physiotherapy practice. Physiotherapists must express how their knowledge and understanding relates to physiotherapy and their individual scope of practice.
  • A knowledge and understanding are important which enables the individual to be familiar with their personal preferences and ways of working.
  • Systematic processes are required for collecting and analyzing the information which is further used to evaluate current practice and helps in new understandings about practice. Research can be defined as to investigate the critical awareness of knowledge.

Job prospects:

The job of a physiotherapist assistant may be a good fit. Physical therapy assistants (PTAs) help patients with exercises and equipment and may treat patients under the supervision of a licensed physical therapist.


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